Critical thinking is the process that is applied by the nurses to solve the problem of the patients and a responsible process to improve the effect. It is an important process for safe, effective, and skillful nursing interference. It is a mentally active process and a delicate approach, investigation, synthesis and, and evaluation of the information collected or derived from the observation, experience, reflection, and reasoning.
Critical thinking skills:
Nurses in their efforts to apply critical thinking should develop some methods as well as intellectual skills which are essential for analysis, problem-solving, and decision-making. These skills include critical analysis, preparatory, and justification, valid conclusions, differentiating facts, and opinions to appraise the credibility of the sources of information.
Critical analysis is used for a set of questions that relate to a concept for the assurance of the important information and discarding the unnecessary ones. Thus, it’s a set of criteria to justify an idea where one must know all the questions but, to use the appropriate one in the right case.
The investigation method, where the question and the answers are solved, is a technique in which one can consider below the surface, recognize and examine the condition, look forward to the consequences, and investigate the multiple data views, and differentiate between what one knows and what he/she simply believes. This method should be used by the nurses at the end of their shifts, when reviewing the patients’ progress and his/her history, planning or discussing with the colleagues for the patient’s treatment.
Critical thinking enhancement behaviors:
The nurse applying critical thinking works to establish the following attitudes and characteristics liberty of thought, decency, and insight into the personal and public level, spiritual courage, honesty, dedication, self-assurance, research interest not only for the emotions but also for the curiosity.
- Independence of thought:
The nurses who apply critical thinking as they mature acquire knowledge and experience, and consider their acceptance under new clue. The nurses do not remain to what they are taught in the school, but are “open-minded” and create new intervention methods and technical skills.
Those nurses who apply this method are independent in different ways, based on the evidence, not panic or personal, and group partiality. The nurse takes a view on both the younger and older member of the family.
- Perspicacity into personal and social factors:
If he/she accepts the possibility that their personal discrimination, social pressures, and habits can affect their judgment. Therefore, they should try to actively clarify their discriminations whenever they think and decide.
- Humble cerebration and deferral crisis:
Humbleintellect means to have someone aware of the limits of his own knowledge. So, when he/she apply critical thinking are willing to admit that they don’t know something and believe that what they all consider cannot always be true, because new data may emerge.
- Spiritual courage:
The values and beliefs are not always obtained by sanity, meaning opinions that have been researched and proven that are backed by the reasons and information. The boldness should be true to their new ground in situations where social penalties for incompatibility are accurate. Many times, when the nurses supported an attitude to which the investigation has proved wrong, they are canceled.
The use of critical thinking to mentally intact individuals question their knowledge and beliefs quickly and thoroughly and cause the knowledge of others so that they are willing to admit and appreciate inconsistencies of both their own beliefs and the beliefs of the others.
The dedication shown by the nurses in exploring effective solutions for patient problems and nursing each assurance helps to clarify the approach and analyze related issues against the difficulties and failures. Using this method, they resist the temptation to find a quick and simple answer to avoid situations like confusion and frustrations.
- Confidence in the justification:
Critical thinking through well-motivated reasoning leads to a decent completion. Using this method, nurses develop both inductive (introductory) and deductive (analytical) reasoning. He/she gains more experience of mental process and improvement, does not wait to disagree and be trouble thereby acting as a role model to the colleagues, inspiring them to develop this method.
- Interesting thoughts and feelings for research:
Nurses need to recognize, examine and inspect or modify the emotions involved with this method. So, if they feel anger, guilt, and frustration for an event n their work, they should follow some steps: To confine the operations for a while to avoid abrupt conclusions and hasty decisions, discuss negative feelings with the trusted one, absorb some energy produced by the emotions, E.g. doing exercise and walking, deliberate over the situation and conclude whether the emotional response is appropriate or not. After severe feelings decreases, the nurse will be able to provide a necessary conclusion and take the necessary decision.
The internal discussion has constantly in mind that the use of critical thinking is full of questions. So, a research nurse computes traditions but does not wait to challenge them if they do not confirm their genuineness and reliability.
When the nurses will be in the responsible position, they should be especially knowledgeable of the condition of thought that is started and actively create an environment that provokes and encourages a variety of opinions and research ideas. The nurses will also be applied to check into thoroughly the views of people from different cultures, religions, social and economic levels, family structures, and different ages. Managing nurses should encourage colleagues to analyze the data before concluding and to avoid “group thinking” which tends to change without thinking of the will of the group. This method is an important process for safe, efficient, and skillful nursing practice. The nursing education programs should adopt attitudes that promote critical thinking and assemble the skills of critical reasoning.
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